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Table 1 Patient characteristics and comorbidities

From: Echocardiographic description and outcomes in a heterogeneous cohort of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery with and without mitral annular disjunction: a health service evaluation

Variable MAD
(n = 60)
No MAD
(n = 125)
p-value
Mean age (± SD) 66.7 ± 13.4 65.3 ± 13.8 0.51
Male 49 (81.7%) 87 (70.2%) 0.11
Smoking current or ex 25 (41.7%) 69 (55.2%) 0.12
Body mass index (± SD) 29.0 ± 23.9 26.1 ± 4.4 0.21
Hypertension 13 (21.7%) 35 (28.0%) 0.38
Hypercholesterolaemia 6 (10.0%) 20 (16.0%) 0.37
Diabetes mellitus 2 (3.3%) 9 (7.2%) 0.51
Angina 12 (20.0%) 34 (27.2%) 0.36
Ischaemic heart disease 7 (11.7%) 12 (9.6%) 0.80
Previous cardiac surgery 0 (0%) 1 (0.8%) 1.00
Previous PCI 3 (5.0%) 11 (8.9%) 0.55
Heart failure 2 (3.3%) 2 (1.6%) 0.60
Atrial fibrillation 13 (21.7%) 24 (19.2%) 0.70
Chronic lung disease 3 (5.0%) 10 (8.0%) 0.55
Stroke 0 (0%) 2 (1.6%) 1.00
Pulmonary hypertension 18 (30.0%) 52 (42.3%) 0.15
Renal disease 31 (51.7%) 72 (57.6%) 0.53
Creatinine (± SD) 81.6 ± 23.1 90.6 ± 44.7 0.14