Skip to main content

Severe pulmonic valve regurgitation due to histoplasma endocarditis


  1. Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, Fowler VG Jr Bolger AF, Levison ME, Ferrieri P, Gerber MA, Tani LY, Gewitz MH et al. 2005 Infective endocarditis: diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy, and management of complications: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Councils on Clinical Cardiology, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, American Heart Association: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Circulation 111 e394–e434. (doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.165564)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Tariq M, Smego RA Jr Soofi A, Islam N 2003 Pulmonic valve endocarditis. Southern Medical Journal 96 621–623. (doi:10.1097/01.SMJ.0000047965.45842.A2)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Ellis ME, Al-Abdely H, Sandridge A, Greer W, Ventura W 2001 Fungal endocarditis: evidence in the world literature, 1965–1995. Clinical Infectious Diseases 32 50–62. (doi:10.1086/317550)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Pierrotti LC, Baddour LM 2002 Fungal endocarditis, 1995–2000. Chest 122 302–310. (doi:10.1378/chest.122.1.302)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bhatti S, Vilenski L, Tight R, Smego RA Jr 2005 Histoplasma endocarditis: clinical and mycologic features and outcomes. Journal of Infection 51 2–9. (doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2004.10.002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Riddell J IV Kauffman CA, Smith JA, Assi M, Blue S, Buitrago MI, Deresinski S, Wright PW, Drevets DA 2014 Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis: multicenter case series with review of current diagnostic techniques and treatment. Medicine 93 186–193. (doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000000034)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Dib C, Moustafa SE, Mookadam M, Zehr KJ, Michet CJ Jr Mookadam F 2006 Surgical treatment of the cardiac manifestations of relapsing polychondritis: overview of 33 patients identified through literature review and the Mayo Clinic records. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 81 772–776. (doi:10.4065/81.6.772)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This research did not receive any specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sector.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ewa A. Konik MD.

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the articles Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the articles Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Konik, E.A., Bremer, M., Lin, P.T. et al. Severe pulmonic valve regurgitation due to histoplasma endocarditis. Echo Res Pract 2, K21–K24 (2015).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: