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  1. Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) is a rare coronary artery malformation with an incidence of 0.002% in patients undergoing coronary angiography. It can lead to a...

    Authors: Ali Ajam, Zahra Rahnamoun, Mohammad Sahebjam, Babak Sattartabar, Yasaman Razminia, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi Tafti and Kaveh Hosseini
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:12
  2. Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is a known risk factor for right ventricular dysfunction (RVDYS). RV global longitudinal strain (GLS) is an emerging index of RV function; however, the magnitude of agreement...

    Authors: Justin Johannesen, Rena Fukuda, David T. Zhang, Katherine Tak, Rachel Meier, Hannah Agoglia, Evelyn Horn, Richard B. Devereux, Jonathan W. Weinsaft and Jiwon Kim
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:11
  3. The world symposium on pulmonary hypertension (PH) has proposed that PH be defined as a mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) > 20 mmHg as assessed by right heart catheterisation (RHC). Transthoracic echocardi...

    Authors: Oliver Graham Slegg, James Alexander Willis, Fiona Wilkinson, Joseph Sparey, Christopher Basil Wild, Jennifer Rossdale, Robert Mackenzie Ross, John D. Pauling, Kevin Carson, Sri Raveen Kandan, David Oxborough, Daniel Knight, Oliver James Peacock, Jay Suntharalingam, John Gerard Coghlan and Daniel Xavier Augustine
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:9
  4. Transthoracic echocardiography is an essential tool in the diagnosis, assessment, and management of paediatric and adult populations with suspected or confirmed congenital heart disease. Congenital echocardiog...

    Authors: Liam Corbett, Jan Forster, Wendy Gamlin, Nuno Duarte, Owen Burgess, Allan Harkness, Wei Li, John Simpson and Radwa Bedair
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:10
  5. There has been a growing demand for echocardiography services over the last 5 years, with this supply–demand mismatch exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior studies have suggested a high proportion of nor...

    Authors: Sher May Ng, Danial Naqvi, Jose Bingcang, Gemma Cruz, Richard Nose, Guy Lloyd, Marie Elsya Speechly-Dick and Sanjeev Bhattacharyya
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:8
  6. The present CEUS Cardiac Exam Protocols represent the first effort to promulgate a standard set of protocols for optimal administration of ultrasound enhancing agents (UEAs) in echocardiography, based on more ...

    Authors: Thomas R. Porter, Steven B. Feinstein, Roxy Senior, Sharon L. Mulvagh, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Jordan B. Strom, Wilson Mathias Jr., Beverly Gorman, Arnaldo Rabischoffsky, Michael L. Main and Andrew Appis
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:7
  7. Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) under conscious sedation is the most widely used method of implantation. Echocardiography is used to detect complications and to assess the implantat...

    Authors: Panagiotis Savvoulidis, William E. Moody, Rick Steeds, Peter F. Ludman, Joseph R. Bradley, Aldrin Singh, Ewa Lawton, M. Adnan Nadir and Sagar N. Doshi
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:3
  8. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is widely utilised within many aspects of clinical practice, as such the demand placed on echocardiography services is ever increasing. In an attempt to provide incremental...

    Authors: Sadie Bennett, Martin Stout, Thomas E. Ingram, Keith Pearce, Timothy Griffiths, Simon Duckett, Grant Heatlie, Patrick Thompson, Judith Tweedie, Jo Sopala, Sarah Ritzmann, Kelly Victor, Judith Skipper, Benoy N. Shah, Shaun Robinson, Andrew Potter…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:5
  9. Mitral annular disjunction (MAD) is a structural abnormality characterized by the distinct separation of the mitral valve annulus/left atrium wall and myocardium. Little is known about the significance of MAD ...

    Authors: Sadie Bennett, Jacopo Tafuro, Marcus Brumpton, Caragh Bardolia, Grant Heatlie, Simon Duckett, Paul Ridley, Prakash Nanjaiah and Chun Shing Kwok
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:4
  10. The 35th Annual Advances in Contrast Ultrasound International Bubble Conference convened in Chicago, IL, USA, on September 30th to October 1st, 2021. It featured a range of novel research from animal studies t...

    Authors: Michael Dunleavy, Alan Goldberg, Steven Feinstein, Stephanie Wilson, Sharon Mulvagh and Petros Nihoyannopoulos
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:2
  11. Patients with prosthetic heart valves (PHV) require long-term follow-up, usually within a physiologist led heart valve surveillance clinic. These clinics are well established providing safe and effective patie...

    Authors: Sadie Bennett, Polyvios Demetriades, Keely Banks, Jacopo Tafuro, Rosie Oatham, Timothy Griffiths, Cheryl Oxley, Sally Clews, Grant Heatlie, Chun Shing Kwok and Simon Duckett
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2022 9:1
  12. Mitral valve disease is common. Mitral regurgitation is the second most frequent indication for valve surgery in Europe and despite the decline of rheumatic fever in Western societies, mitral stenosis of any a...

    Authors: Shaun Robinson, Liam Ring, Daniel X. Augustine, Sushma Rekhraj, David Oxborough, Allan Harkness, Patrizio Lancellotti and Bushra Rana
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2021 8:801005
  13. Background Anthracycline agents are known to be effective in treating tumors and hematological malignancies. Although these agents improve survival, their use is associated with cardiotoxic effects, which most co...

    Authors: Sadie Bennett, Arzu Cubukcu, Chun Wai Wong, Timothy Griffith, Cheryl Oxley, Diane Barker, Simon Duckett, Duwarakan Satchithananda, Ashish Patwala, Grant Heatlie, Chun Shing Kwok, Griffith Timothy, Oxley Chery, Barker Diane, Duckett Simon, Satchithananda Duwarakan…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2021 8:801006
  14. Introduction Healthcare delivery is being transformed by COVID-19 to reduce transmission risk but continued delivery of routine clinical tests is essential. Stress echocardiography is one of the most widely used ...

    Authors: Cameron Dockerill, William Woodward, Annabelle McCourt, Cristiana Monteiro, Elena Benedetto, Maria Paton, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Keith Pearce, Mark J. Monaghan, Daniel X. Augustine and Paul Leeson
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2021 8:801001
  15. The guideline provides a practical step-by-step guide in order to facilitate high-quality echocardiographic studies of patients with aortic stenosis. In addition, it addresses commonly encountered yet challeng...

    Authors: Liam Ring, Benoy N. Shah, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Allan Harkness, Mark Belham, David Oxborough, Keith Pearce, Bushra S. Rana, Daniel X. Augustine, Shaun Robinson and Christophe Tribouilloy
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2021 8:801003
  16. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is common, inherited and characterised by unexplained thickening of the myocardium. The British Society of Echocardiography (BSE) has recently published a minimum dataset for ...

    Authors: Lauren Turvey, Daniel X. Augustine, Shaun Robinson, David Oxborough, Martin Stout, Nicola Smith, Allan Harkness, Lynne Williams, Richard P. Steeds and William Bradlow
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2021 8:801004
  17. The subspecialty of cardio-oncology aims to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer or following cancer treatment. Cancer therapy can lead to a variety of cardiovascular complicat...

    Authors: Rebecca Dobson, Arjun K. Ghosh, Bonnie Ky, Tom Marwick, Martin Stout, Allan Harkness, Rick Steeds, Shaun Robinson, David Oxborough, David Adlam, Susannah Stanway, Bushra Rana, Thomas Ingram, Liam Ring, Stuart Rosen, Chris Plummer…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2021 8:801002
  18. Transthoracic echocardiography is the first-line imaging modality in the assessment of right-sided valve disease. The principle objectives of the echocardiographic study are to determine the aetiology, mechani...

    Authors: Abbas Zaidi, David Oxborough, Daniel X. Augustine, Radwa Bedair, Allan Harkness, Bushra Rana, Shaun Robinson and Luigi P. Badano
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:704003
  19. Since cardiac ultrasound was introduced into medical practice around the middle twentieth century, transthoracic echocardiography has developed to become a highly sophisticated and widely performed cardiac ima...

    Authors: Shaun Robinson, Bushra Rana, David Oxborough, Rick Steeds, Mark Monaghan, Martin Stout, Keith Pearce, Allan Harkness, Liam Ring, Maria Paton, Waheed Akhtar, Radwa Bedair, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Katherine Collins, Cheryl Oxley, Julie Sandoval…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:704002
  20. Background:Echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is used in the risk stratification of patients with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the prognostic value of the ...

    Authors: Sadie Bennett, Chun Wai Wong, Timothy Griffiths, Martin Stout, Jamal Nasir Khan, Simon Duckett, Grant Heatlie and Chun Shing Kwok
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:704001
  21. Chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) patients typically remain asymptomatic for a long time. Left ventricular mechanics, namely global longitudinal strain (GLS), has been associated with outcomes in AR patients. ...

    Authors: Diana deCampos, Rogério Teixeira, Carolina Saleiro, Ana Botelho and Lino Gonçalve
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:703007
  22. Aims: To assess left ventricular (LV) function before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using conventional echocardiographic parameters and global longitudinal LV strain (GLS) and compare o...

    Authors: Vasiliki Tsampasian, Vasileios Panoulas, Richard J. Jabbour, Neil Ruparelia, Iqbal S. Malik, Nearchos Hadjiloizou, Angela Frame, Sayan Sen, Nilesh Sutaria, Ghada W. Mikhail and Petros Nihoyannopoulos
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:703006
  23. Current guidelines do not advise follow-up echocardiograms after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), unless the left ventricular ejection fraction is ≤40%. We present an interesting case of lef...

    Authors: Sathish Kumar Parasuraman, Janaki Srinivasan and Paul Broadhurst
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:703003
  24. Fulminant myocarditis can present with life-threatening arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock due to ventricular failure. The diagnosis of myocarditis usually requires histological and immunological information, a...

    Authors: Na Hyun Park, Hazem Lashin and Rosalba Spiritoso
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:703002
  25. Young stroke patients should be investigated thoroughly to look for cardiac and extra-cardiac sources of emboli. We present a patient who was investigated for a cardiac source of emboli following an ischemic s...

    Authors: Trisha Singh, Jonathan Hinton, Rosie Swallow, James Kersey and Charles Hillier
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:703001
  26. A 31-year-old male was admitted with suspected infective endocarditis, given a history of i.v. drug use, lung and cerebral abscesses and Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. TTE imaging was limited given supine pos...

    Authors: Muhammad Khan, Ruben De Sousa, Kam Rai and Jamal Nasir Khan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:702003
  27. The British Society of Echocardiography has previously outlined a minimum dataset for a standard transthoracic echocardiogram, and this remains the basis on which an echocardiographic study should be performed...

    Authors: Rakhee Hindocha, David Garry, Nadia Short, Tom E. Ingram, Richard P. Steeds, Claire L. Colebourn, Keith Pearce and Vishal Sharma
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:702002
  28. Chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) historically has been shown to primarily affect left ventricular (LV) function. The impact of increased left atrial (LA) volume in MR on morbidity and mortality has been highl...

    Authors: Ruchika Meel, Ferande Peters, Bijoy K. Khandheria, Elena Libhaber and Mohammed Essop
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:702001
  29. A 27-year old female i.v. drug user presented to our institution with chest pain. She had a history of bicuspid aortic valve endocarditis with aortic root abscess repaired with bioprosthetic aortic valve repla...

    Authors: Handi Salim, Martin Been, David Hildick-Smith and Jamal Nasir Khan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:7010010
  30. Mitral valve repair is the gold standard treatment for degenerative mitral valve disease with superior perioperative and long-term morbidity and mortality outcomes vs mitral valve replacement. The 10 year surv...

    Authors: Patrick Savage and Michael Connolly
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:701009
  31. The 34th annual Advances in Contrast Ultrasound (ACU) International Bubble Conference convened in Chicago, IL, USA, on September 5–6, 2019 to feature new directions of research, preclinical and first-in-man cl...

    Authors: Stella Kyung, Alan Goldberg, Steven Feinstein, Stephanie Wilson, Sharon Mulvagh and Petros Nihoyannopoulos
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:701008
  32. The structure and function of the right side of the heart is influenced by a wide range of physiological and pathological conditions. Quantification of right heart parameters is important in a variety of clini...

    Authors: Abbas Zaidi, Daniel S. Knight, Daniel X. Augustine, Allan Harkness, David Oxborough, Keith Pearce, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Martin Stout, James Willis and Vishal Sharma
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:701006
  33. This article sets out a summary of standards for departmental accreditation set by the British Society of Echocardiography (BSE) Departmental Accreditation Committee. Full accreditation standards are available...

    Authors: Sarah Ritzmann, Stephanie Baker, Marcus Peck, Tom E. Ingram, Jane Allen, Laura Duffy, Richard P. Steeds, Andrew Houghton, Andrew Elkington, Nina Bual, Robert Huggett, Keith Pearce, Stavros Apostolakis and Khalatabari Afshin
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:701002
  34. A 62-year-old female was admitted with severe left-sided chest pain, nausea and pre-syncope. She had widespread T wave inversion on ECG and elevated troponins and was suspected to have an acute coronary syndro...

    Authors: Nam Tran, Chun Shing Kwok, Sadie Bennett, Karim Ratib, Grant Heatlie and Thanh Phan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2020 7:701001