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Ischaemia as a cause of LVOT gradient reversal in HCM


We present the case of a previously fit 84-year-old female with long-standing systemic hypertension and the echo phenotype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)–asymmetrical septal hypertrophy, significant resting left ventricular (LV) outflow obstruction and mitral regurgitation (MR) secondary to systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve. Valsalva provocation caused an increase in LVOT dynamic gradient and MR severity. The patient presented with a progressive decrease in exercise capacity along with chest pain relieved by rest or sublingual GTN. Exercise stress echo demonstrated a paradoxical response with reduction of both LVOT gradient and severity of MR. There was evidence of inducible regional wall motion abnormalities associated with no change in LV cavity size. Coronary angiogram revealed significant triple vessel disease.


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Correspondence to Camelia Demetrescu MD.

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Author contribution statement Dr Aigul Baltabaeva reviewed stress echo test and referred patient for MRI and coronary angiography. We have permission for publication from the physician who is responsible for the patient.

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Demetrescu, C., Haley, S.R. & Baltabaeva, A. Ischaemia as a cause of LVOT gradient reversal in HCM. Echo Res Pract 4, K31–K36 (2017).

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