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  1. This focused review presents a critical appraisal of the World Heart Federation criteria for the echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and its performance in African RHD screening progra...

    Authors: L. D. Hunter, M. Monaghan, G. Lloyd, A. J. K. Pecoraro, A. F. Doubell and P. G. Herbst
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:4040010
  2. We present a rare complication of deep venous thrombosis with pulmonary embolism that threatened the patient with systemic embolization. A 36-year-old female was referred to the hospital after five days of pro...

    Authors: V. S. Ellensen, S. Saeed, T. Geisner and R. Haaverstad
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404009
  3. A 54-year-old male developed a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (Ps) along the lateral wall of the left ventricle (LV), which was diagnosed incidentally by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE)...

    Authors: Rienzi Díaz-Navarro and Petros Nihoyannopoulos
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404007
  4. A 62-year-old male with pulmonary fibrosis and aortic valve stenosis underwent TAVI (Corevalve Evolut XL 34 mm) in the build-up for lung transplantation (LuTx). Following post-dilation for a large annular peri...

    Authors: Corstiaan A. den Uil, Mihai Strachinaru, Ben van der Hoven and J. Han J. Meeder
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404004
  5. Background: Several studies have reported the accuracy and reproducibility of HeartModel for automated determination of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE)-derived left heart volumes and left ventricular (LV...

    Authors: Xiu-Xia Luo, Fang Fang, Hung-Kwan So, Chao Liu, Man-Ching Yam and Alex Pui-Wai Lee
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404002
  6. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is frequently performed prior to atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation to exclude left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus. However, patients undergoing AF ablation are usually ...

    Authors: Charlotte Atkinson, Jonathan Hinton, Edmund B. Gaisie, Arthur M. Yue, Paul R. Roberts, Dhrubo J. Rakhit and Benoy N. Shah
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404001
  7. Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a rapidly evolving technology with several potential applications in the diagnosis and management of cardiac disease. Recently, 3D printing (i.e. rapid prototyping) derived f...

    Authors: Azad Mashari, Mario Montealegre-Gallegos, Ziyad Knio, Lu Yeh, Jelliffe Jeganathan, Robina Matyal, Kamal R. Khabbaz and Feroze Mahmood
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 3:304004
  8. Authors: Richard P. Steeds, Martin R. Cowie, Bushra S. Rana, John B. Chambers, Simon Ray, Janaki Srinivasan, Konstantin Schwarz, Christopher J. Neil, Caroline Scally, John D. Horowitz, Michael P. Frenneaux, Cristina Pislaru, Dana K. Dawson, Oliver J. Rothwell, Keith George, John D. Somauroo…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:4030010
  9. Isolated myocardial involvement in tuberculosis is exceedingly rare but there are reports it can present with sudden cardiac death, atrioventricular block, ventricular arrhythmias or congestive cardiac failure...

    Authors: Alice Cowley, Laura Dobson, John Kurian and Christopher Saunderson
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403009
  10. A rare isolated double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) was diagnosed in a 77-year-old male patient, being assessed for surgical repair of the ascending aorta. This is a rare congenital abnormality, usually discove...

    Authors: Nuno Pires, Wei Li, Roxy Senior and Rajdeep S. Khattar
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403008
  11. This is a case of a precarious thrombotic mass straddling a patent foramen ovale which had already embolised to the pulmonary circulation. The diagnosis was initially deceptive and management challenging.

    Authors: H. Z. R. McConkey, M. Ghosh-Dastidar, S. R. Redwood and V. Bapat
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403007
  12. Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is relatively rare and frequently misdiagnosed. Other disorders presenting with increased left ventricular (LV) mass can mimic its diagnosis. This case illustrates unique findings of p...

    Authors: Sergio Barros-Gomes, Niyada Naksuk, Dragan Jevremovic and Hector R. Villarraga
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403006
  13. A 73-year-old male was brought into hospital with chest pain and inferior ST elevation on ECG. The patient immediately proceeded to the catheter lab for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Angiography ...

    Authors: Ying X. Gue, Sanjay S. Bhandari and Damian J. Kelly
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403005
  14. Pulmonary valve endocarditis is a rare type of infective endocarditis (IE). Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen that is uncommonly associated with IE. A 50 year-old male was referred to us after an incidental ...

    Authors: Vrettos Apostolos, Paula Mota, James Nash, Iain Thorp, Max Baghai and Adam Marzetti
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403004
  15. Background The rate of progression of aortic regurgitation (AR) is not well described. Current guidelines state that asymptomatic patients with mild AR should be followed up every 3–5 years and 1–2 yearly for mod...

    Authors: Sveeta Badiani, Jet Zalen, Saad Saheecha, Lesley Hart, Ann Topham, Nikhil Patel, Lydia Sturridge, Andrew Marshall, Neil Sulke, Stephen Furniss and Lloyd Guy
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:403001
  16. A 69-year-old male, an ex-smoker, was admitted with ongoing chest pain of 11 h duration. Past medical history included treated hypertension and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. He delayed seeking medical att...

    Authors: Baskar Sekar, Joe Martins and Sanjiv Petkar
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:402007
  17. A 68-year-old man with a severe ischemic cardiomyopathy underwent left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation (Heart Mate II device) for destination therapy. He presented 49 months after LVAD implantati...

    Authors: Preetham R. Muskala, Taiyeb M. Khumri and Michael L. Main
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:402006
  18. A 72-year-old woman presented with sepsis and lower limb ischaemia. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) for suspected endocarditis revealed no cardiac pathology or source of emboli but a large thrombuslike...

    Authors: Sarah R. Blake, Jamal Khan and Adrian Chenzbraun
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:402005
  19. Heart failure (HF) is a debilitating and life-threatening condition, with 5-year survival rate lower than breast or prostate cancer. It is the leading cause of hospital admission in over 65s, and these admissi...

    Authors: Thomas Mathew, Lynne Williams, Govardhan Navaratnam, Bushra Rana, Richard Wheeler, Katherine Collins, Allan Harkness, Richard Jones, Dan Knight, Kevin O’Gallagher, David Oxborough, Liam Ring, Julie Sandoval, Martin Stout, Vishal Sharma and Richard P. Steeds
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:402004
  20. Background Physiologist-led stress echocardiography (PLSE) services provide potential for expansion of SE services and increased productivity for cardiologists. There are however no published data on the feasibil...

    Authors: Jamal N. Khan, Timothy Griffiths, Tamseel Fatima, Andreea Mihai, Zeeshan Mustafa, Kully Sandhu, Robert Butler, Simon Duckett and Grant Heatlie
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:402003
  21. Aims Lupus myocarditis occurs in 5–10% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). No single feature is diagnostic of lupus myocarditis. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) can detect subclinical lef...

    Authors: Riëtte Du Toit, Phillip G. Herbst, Annari van Rensburg, Hendrik W. Snyman, Helmuth Reuter and Anton F. Doubell
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:402001
  22. Heart failure is appropriately described as an epidemic, with 1–2% of health care expenditure being directed at its management. In England, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issu...

    Authors: Martin R. Cowie
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:401004
  23. Aim The role of transoesophageal echocardiography in cardiac interventional structural procedures is well established and appreciated. However, the need for general anaesthesia (GA) throughout the procedure remai...

    Authors: Dimitris Klettas, Emma Alcock, Rafal Dworakowski, Philip MacCarthy and Mark Monaghan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:401001
  24. Cardiac tumors are exceedingly rare (0.001-0.03% in most autopsy series). They can be present anywhere within the heart and can be attached to any surface or be embedded in the myocardium or pericardial space....

    Authors: Rekha Mankad and Joerg Herrmann
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:304005
  25. Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the second most common form of valvular disease requiring surgery. Correct identification of surgical candidates and optimising the timing of surgery are key in management. For pri...

    Authors: Boyang Liu, Nicola C. Edwards, Simon Ray and Richard P. Steeds
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:304003
  26. Objective: Normal cut-off values for left atrial (LA) size and function may be altered by aging and ethnic differences. No age-related reference values for LA volumetric measurements or LA strain exist in African...

    Authors: Ruchika Meel, Bijoy K. Khandheria, Ferande Peters, Elena Libhaber, Samantha Nel and Mohammed R. Essop
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:304002
  27. Introduction: In this study, we aim to reassess the prognostic value of stress echocardiography (SE) in a contemporary population and to evaluate the clinical significance of limited apical ischaemia, which has n...

    Authors: Alexandros Papachristidis, Damian Roper, Daniela Cassar Demarco, Ioannis Tsironis, Michael Papitsas, Jonathan Byrne, Khaled Alfakih and Mark J. Monaghan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:304001
  28. This is a practical description of how replacement valves are assessed using echocardiography. Normal transthoracic appearances including normal variants are described. The problem of differentiating normal fu...

    Authors: John B. Chambers
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303007
  29. Introduction: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited pathology that can increase the risk of sudden death. Current task force criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis do not inc...

    Authors: Mohammad Qasem, Victor Utomi, Keith George, John Somauroo, Abbas Zaidi, Lynsey Forsythe, Sanjeev Bhattacharrya, Guy Lloyd, Bushra Rana, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Roxy Senior, Nabeel Sheikh, Mushemi Sitali, Julie Sandoval, Richard Steeds…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303005
  30. Herceptin (Trastuzumab) is a widely used and effective drug for the treatment of Her2+ breast cancer but its cardiotoxic side effects require regular monitoring by echocardiography. A 10% reduction in left ven...

    Authors: A. King, J. Thambyrajah, E. Leng and M. J. Stewart
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303004
  31. A 28-year-old asymptomatic woman was referred to our clinic for evaluation of a heart murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated ventricular hypertrophy with septal thickness of 26 mm, consisten...

    Authors: Umut Kocabas, Esra Kaya and Cahide Soydas Cinar
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303006
  32. Background: Cardiotoxicity from anthracycline-based chemotherapy is an important cause of early and late morbidity and mortality in breast cancer patients. Left ventricular (LV) function is assessed for patien...

    Authors: Kevin Emery Boczar, Olexiy Aseyev, Jeffrey Sulpher, Christopher Johnson, Ian G. Burwash, Michele Turek, Susan Dent and Girish Dwivedi
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303003
  33. Objective: To assess the impact of mitral geometry, left ventricular (LV) remodelling and global LV afterload on mitral regurgitation (MR) after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

    Authors: Y. Tayyareci, R. Dworakowski, P. Kogoj, J. Reiken, C. Kenny, P. MacCarthy, O. Wendler and M. J. Monaghan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303002
  34. Background: Ultrasound-assisted examination of the cardiovascular system with focused cardiac ultrasound by the treating physician is non-invasive and changes diagnosis and management of patient’s with suspect...

    Authors: James Yates, Colin Forbes Royse, Carolyn Royse, Alistair George Royse and David Jeffrey Canty
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:303001
  35. The incidence of significant obesity is rising across the globe. These patients often have a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors and are frequently referred for noninvasive cardiac imaging tests. Stress ...

    Authors: Benoy N. Shah and Roxy Senior
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:302008
  36. We present a very rare example of chronic right heart failure caused by torrent tricuspid regurgitation. Massive right heart dilatation and severe tricuspid regurgitation due to avulsion of the tricuspid valve...

    Authors: Francesca Tedoldi, Maximilian Krisper, Clemens Köhncke and Burkert Pieske
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:302007
  37. Aim: It is not well known if advancing age influences normal rest or exercise pulmonary artery pressures. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association of increasing age with measurements of pulmona...

    Authors: Garvan C. Kane, Arun Sachdev, Hector R. Villarraga, Naser M. Ammash, Jae K. Oh, Michael D. McGoon, Patricia A. Pellikka and Robert B. McCully
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:302005
  38. Background: Left atrial deformation (LAD) parameters are new markers of atrial structural remodelling that seem to be affected in atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL). This study aimed to determin...

    Authors: Cátia Costa, Teresa González-Alujas, Filipa Valente, Carlos Aranda, José Rodríguez-Palomares, Laura Gutierrez, Giuliana Maldonado, Laura Galian, Gisela Teixidó and Artur Evangelista
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:302004
  39. Background: Pulmonary transit time (PTT) is an indirect measure of preload and left ventricular function, which can be estimated using the indicator dilution theory by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). In t...

    Authors: Ingeborg H. F. Herold, Salvatore Saporito, Massimo Mischi, Hans C. van Assen, R. Arthur Bouwman, Anouk G. W. de Lepper, Harrie C. M. van den Bosch, Hendrikus H. M. Korsten and Patrick Houthuizen
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:302003
  40. Background In this study, we investigate the correlation between reduced global longitudinal peak systolic strain (GLPSS) and the SYNTAX score (SS) in patients undergoing coronary angiography.

    Authors: Apostolos Vrettos, David Dawson, Chrysanthos Grigoratos and Petros Nihoyannopoulos
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2016 3:302002