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  1. Echocardiography plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disease. However, interpretation remains largely reliant on the subjective expertise of the operator. As a result inter-o...

    Authors: M. Alsharqi, W. J. Woodward, J. A. Mumith, D. C. Markham, R. Upton and P. Leeson
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5040014
  2. Neck venous malformations and their potentially life-threatening complications are rarely reported in the available literature. Cases of aneurysmal or hypo-plastic jugular vein thrombosis associated with syste...

    Authors: A. E. Velcea, S. Mihaila Baldea, D. Muraru, L. P. Badano and D. Vinereanu
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5040012
  3. A 42-year-old intravenous drug user presented with seizures and septicaemia. CT and MRI were suggestive of multiple brain and systemic emboli, and blood and CSF cultures were positive for Staphylococcus aureus...

    Authors: Kai Neoh, Jamal N. Khan, Khaled Albouaini and Adrian Chenzbraun
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5040010
  4. Non-atherosclerotic myocardial infarction (MI) is an important but often misdiagnosed cause of acute MI. Furthermore, non-atherosclerotic MI with concomitant acute stroke and pulmonary embolism due to in-trans...

    Authors: Sergio Barros-Gomes, Abdallah El Sabbagh, Mackram F. Eleid and Sunil V. Mankad
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:504009
  5. The Echocardiography Quality Framework (EQF) is a unique, comprehensive, holistic approach to improving all aspects of an echocardiography service. The EQF is a patientcentered program, combining Quality Assur...

    Authors: Navroz Masani
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:504008
  6. Background: Quality assurance (QA) of echocardiographic studies is vital to ensure that clinicians can act on findings of high quality to deliver excellent patient care. To date, there is a paucity of published g...

    Authors: Thomas E. Ingram, Steph Baker, Jane Allen, Sarah Ritzmann, Nina Bual, Laura Duffy, Chris Ellis, Karina Bunting, Noel Black, Marcus Peck, Sandeep S. Hothi, Vishal Sharma, Keith Pearce, Richard P. Steeds and Navroz Masani
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:504007
  7. Background: This analysis aims to assess the prognostic value of pre-operative right ventricular echocardiographic parameters in predicting short-term adverse outcomes and long-term mortality after coronary arter...

    Authors: Mohammed Andaleeb Chowdhury, Jered M. Cook, George V. Moukarbel, Sana Ashtiani, Thomas A. Schwann, Mark R. Bonnell, Christopher J. Cooper and Samer J. Khouri
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:504005
  8. Background: The mitral valve orifice area (MVOA) is difficult to assess accurately by 2D echocardiography because of geometric assumptions; therefore, 3D planimetry may offer advantages. We studied the difference...

    Authors: C. Bleakley, M. Eskandari, O. Aldalati, K. Moschonas, M. Huang, A. Whittaker and M. J. Monaghan
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:504001
  9. Thirty-seven-year-old male presented with cough, dyspnea, significant weight loss (20 kg) and subacute fever for the past 2 months. Physical examination revealed inspiratory and expiratory wheezing bilaterally...

    Authors: Manasawee Indrabhinduwat, Maria C. Arciniegas Calle, Joseph P. Colgan and Hector R. Villarraga
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:503007
  10. Pulmonary hypertension is defined as a mean arterial pressure of ≥25 mmHg as confirmed on right heart catheterisation. Traditionally, the pulmonary arterial systolic pressure has been estimated on echo by util...

    Authors: Daniel X. Augustine, Lindsay D. Coates-Bradshaw, James Willis, Allan Harkness, Liam Ring, Julia Grapsa, Gerry Coghlan, Nikki Kaye, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Julie Sandoval, Bushra S. Rana, Anjana Siva, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Luke S. Howard, Kevin Fox…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:503006

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Echo Research & Practice 2019 6:Art1

  11. International best practice guidelines recommend lifelong follow-up of patients that have undergone valve repair or replacement surgery and provide recommendations on the utilization of echocardiography during...

    Authors: Bashir Alaour, Christina Menexi and Benoy N. Shah
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:503005
  12. Background:Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) services have traditionally been medically led. In some UK institutions, DSE lists are led by physiologists with medical support. In our tertiary cardiac cen...

    Authors: Theodoros Ntoskas, Farhanda Ahmad and Paul Woodmansey
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:503004
  13. Various metrics have been used in curriculum-based transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) training programs to evaluate acquisition of proficiency. However, the quality of task completion, that is the final im...

    Authors: Robina Matyal, Faraz Mahmood, Ziyad Omar Knio, Stephanie B. Jones, Lu Yeh, Rabia Amir, Ruma Bose and John D. Mitchell
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:503002
  14. In a study, published in this issue of Echo Research and Practice, Ntoskas et al. retrospectively analyzed the safety of a cardiac physiologist performing, and interpreting, Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DS...

    Authors: Thomas R. Porter
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:503001
  15. Heart failure (HF) is a threat to public health. Heterogeneities in aetiology and phenotype complicate the diagnosis and management of HF. This is especially true when considering HF with preserved ejection fr...

    Authors: Daniel Modin, Ditte Madsen Andersen and Tor Biering-Sørensen
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5020014
  16. Echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice to diagnose different types of atrial septal defect and to determine which defects are suitable for catheter occlusion. In addition to assessment of defect si...

    Authors: Alexandra Savis and John Simpson
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5020013
  17. Normal values provide the background for interpretation of quantitative imaging data and thus are essential information for daily routine. Nevertheless, the ways how normal values are obtained, presented and i...

    Authors: Frank A. Flachskampf and Petros Nihoyannopoulos
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5020010
  18. Our patient presented with known mechanical mitral valve endocarditis documented by 2D transesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) from a recent hospitalization at an outside facility. On admission to our center, the...

    Authors: Merrill Thomas, Anna Grodzinsky and Martin Zink III
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502008
  19. This case describes an unusual presentation of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE): an acute coronary syndrome. A 67-year-old male presented with cardiac sounding chest pain on a background of a short history ...

    Authors: Baskar Sekar, Richard Wheeler, Navroz Masani and Sean Gallagher
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502007
  20. The 2012 World Heart Federation (WHF) criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) identify that the finding of ‘pathological’ mitral regurgitation (MR) in a screened individual in...

    Authors: L. D. Hunter, M. Monaghan, G. Lloyd, A. J. K. Pecoraro, A. F. Doubell and P. G. Herbst
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502006
  21. The optimal periprocedural imaging strategy during transcathether aortic valve replacement (TAVR) performed under moderate sedation is debated. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides suboptimal views du...

    Authors: Ines Sherifi, Alaa Mabrouk Salem Omar, Mithun Varghese, Menachem Weiner, Ani Anyanwu, Jason C. Kovacic, Samin Sharma, Annapoorna Kini and Partho P. Sengupta
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502004
  22. Background: There are limited data on what is the minimum change that can be detected in cancer patients undergoing treatment with cardiotoxic drugs and are referred for monitoring left ventricular (LV) function.

    Authors: Tan Suwatanaviroj, Weimin He, Edith Pituskin, Ian Paterson, Jonathan Choy and Harald Becher
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502003
  23. Background: Simpson biplane method and 3D by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), radionuclide angiography (RNA) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) are the most accepted techniques for left ventricular...

    Authors: Real Lebeau, Karim Serri, Maria Di Lorenzo, Claude Sauvé, Hoai Viet Van Le, Vicky Soulières, Malak El-Rayes, Maude Pagé, Chimène Zaïani, Jérôme Garot and Frédéric Poulin
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502002
  24. Purpose: The study compares the feasibility of the quantitative volumetric and semi-quantitative approach for quantification of chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) using different imaging modalities.

    Authors: Stephan Stoebe, Michael Metze, Daniel Jurisch, Bhupendar Tayal, Kilian Solty BoA, Ulrich Laufs, Dietrich Pfeiffer and Andreas Hagendorff
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:502001
  25. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an athlete is a rare but tragic event. In view of this, pre-participation cardiac screening is mandatory across many sporting disciplines to identify those athletes at risk. Echoc...

    Authors: David Oxborough, Daniel Augustine, Sabiha Gati, Keith George, Allan Harkness, Thomas Mathew, Michael Papadakis, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Julie Sandoval, Rizwan Sarwar, Sanjay Sharma, Vishal Sharma, Nabeel Sheikh, John Somauroo, Martin Stout…
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5010013
  26. This is a case report of intracardiac foreign bodies that gained access to the heart by migration from a peripheral vein. The case report describes the diagnostic findings on cardiac imaging and summarizes dif...

    Authors: Islam Fathi Hussein Ali Elsisi and Ananth Kidambi
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5010012
  27. This study sought to examine layer-specific longitudinal and circumferential systolic and diastolic strain, strain rate (SR) and diastolic time intervals in hypertensive patients with and without diastolic dys...

    Authors: Hisham Sharif, Stephen Ting, Lynsey Forsythe, Gordon McGregor, Prithwish Banerjee, Deborah O’Leary, David Ditor, Keith George, Daniel Zehnder and David Oxborough
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:5010011
  28. Background Left ventricular (LV) function is dependent on load, intrinsic contractility and relaxation with a variable impact on specific mechanics. Strain (ε) imaging allows the assessment of cardiac function; h...

    Authors: Caroline Schneider, Lynsey Forsythe, John Somauroo, Keith George and David Oxborough
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501009
  29. This review article will guide the reader through the basics of echocardiographic assessment of congenital left to right shunts in both paediatric and adult age groups. After reading this article, the reader w...

    Authors: Antigoni Deri and Kate English
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501007
  30. A 63-year-old female presented to hospital with progressive exertional dyspnoea over a 6-month period. In the year preceding her admission, she reported an intercurrent history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea and...

    Authors: Daniel Hammersley, Aamir Shamsi, Mohammad Murtaza Zaman, Philip Berry and Lydia Sturridge
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501006
  31. Objective: Patients with non-ischaemic systolic heart failure (HF) and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are a heterogenous group with varied morbidity and mortality. Prognostication in this group is challe...

    Authors: Peter H. Waddingham, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Jet Van Zalen and Guy Lloyd
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501005
  32. Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) play important roles in diagnosis and management of cardiac diseases. However, the issue of the accuracy and reliability ...

    Authors: Yasufumi Nagata, Kado Yuichiro, Onoue Takeshi, Otani Kyoko, Nakazono Akemi, Otsuji Yutaka and Takeuchi Masaaki
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501004
  33. Our case highlights the finding of an abnormal pulmonary valve on 2D echocardiography, confirmed to be of bicuspid morphology with 3D imaging. The use of biplane imaging both in transthoracic and transoesophag...

    Authors: Ramasamy Manivarmane, Rebecca Taylor and Rajdeep Khattar
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501003
  34. Stress echocardiography is a widely utilised test in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), valvular heart disease and cardiomyopathies. Its advantages include the ubiquitous availabil...

    Authors: Benoy N. Shah, Anita MacNab, Jane Lynch, Reinette Hampson, Roxy Senior and Richard P. Steeds
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2018 5:501001
  35. 76-year-old female presented following an episode of collapse. She was hypotensive with the paramedics and remained refractory despite fluid resuscitation. Her initial baseline tests revealed an elevated tropo...

    Authors: Ying X. Gue, Sanjay S. Bhandari and Mubarak Ahamed
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404008
  36. We present the case of a previously fit 84-year-old female with long-standing systemic hypertension and the echo phenotype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)–asymmetrical septal hypertrophy, significant rest...

    Authors: Camelia Demetrescu, Shelley Rahman Haley and Aigul Baltabaeva
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404006
  37. Echocardiography is valuable for urgent assessment of the haemodynamic significance of pericardial effusions and thus assisting in the clinical diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. Classical echocardiographic findi...

    Authors: Benoy N. Shah and Dhrubo J. Rakhit
    Citation: Echo Research & Practice 2017 4:404005